How to Conjugate the Irregular Spanish Verb Poner (2023)

The conjugation of the Spanish verb poner, often translated as "to put" or "to place," is highly irregular. In order to help you understand and use this verb, this article includes poner conjugations in the present, past, conditional, and future indicative; the present and past subjunctive; the imperative, and other verb forms.

The same conjugation pattern is used for other verbs based on poner, such as componer, disponer, exponer, imponer, oponer, proponer, reponer and suponer.

Using the Verb Poner vs. Ponerse

The verb poner generally means "to put" or "to place," but its meaning can vary when used in some common expressions like poner la mesa (to set the table), or poner huevos (to lay eggs). It can also mean "to turn on," as in poner música (to play music on the radio) or "poner la televisión" (to turn the television on).

The verb poner can also be used reflexively —ponerse—. Ponerse can mean to put something on, such as clothing or accessories. For example, Juan se puso el abrigo y Ana se puso el sombrero (Juan put the coat on and Ana put the hat on). In addition, ponerse can mean "become" when referring to a change in state of being, such as ponerse triste (become sad), ponerse rojo (to become red in the face), ponerse flaco (to become skinny), etc.

Poner Present Indicative

In the present indicative tense, the first person singular (yo) conjugation of the verb poner is irregular, but the rest of the conjugations follow a regular verb pattern.

YopongoI putYo pongo la mesa antes de la cena.
ponesYou putTú pones el libro en la biblioteca.
Usted/él/ellaponeYou/he/she putsElla pone flores para decorar la casa.
NosotrosponemosWe putNosotros ponemos el dinero en el banco.
VosotrosponéisYou putVosotros ponéis la ropa en el armario.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasponenYou/they putEllos ponen mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo.

Poner Preterite Indicative

The preterite tense conjugations of poner are irregular and use the stem pus-.

YopuseI putYo pusela mesa antes de la cena.
pusisteYou putTú pusisteel libro en la biblioteca.
Usted/él/ellapusoYou/he/she putElla pusoflores para decorar la casa.
NosotrospusimosWe putNosotros pusimosel dinero en el banco.
VosotrospusisteisYou putVosotros pusisteis la ropa en el armario.
Ustedes/ellos/ellaspusieronYou/they putEllos pusieronmucho esfuerzo en su trabajo.

Poner Imperfect Indicative

The verb poner is conjugated regularly in the imperfect tense. You start with the stem pon and add the imperfect ending for -er verbs (ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, ían). The imperfect tense can be translated as "was putting" or "used to put."

YoponíaI used to putYo poníala mesa antes de la cena.
poníasYou used to putTú poníasel libro en la biblioteca.
Usted/él/ellaponíaYou/he/she used to putElla ponía flores para decorar la casa.
NosotrosponíamosWe used to putNosotros poníamosel dinero en el banco.
VosotrosponíaisYou used to putVosotros poníaisla ropa en el armario.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasponíanYou/they used to putEllos poníanmucho esfuerzo en su trabajo.

Poner Future Indicative

For the irregular conjugation of poner in the future indicative, change the stem to pondr-.

YopondréI will putYo pondré la mesa antes de la cena.
pondrásYouwill putTú pondrás el libro en la biblioteca.
Usted/él/ellapondráYou/he/shewill putElla pondrá flores para decorar la casa.
NosotrospondremosWewill putNosotros pondremos el dinero en el banco.
VosotrospondréisYouwill putVosotros pondréisla ropa en el armario.
Ustedes/ellos/ellaspondránYou/theywill putEllos pondrán mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo.

Poner PeriphrasticFuture Indicative

The periphrastic future is composed of the present indicative conjugation of the verb ir (to go), the preposition a, and the infinitive poner.

Yovoy a ponerI am going to putYo voy a ponerla mesa antes de la cena.
vasa ponerYou aregoing to putTú vasa poner el libro en la biblioteca.
Usted/él/ellavaa ponerYou/he/shegoing to putElla vaa poner flores para decorar la casa.
Nosotrosvamosa ponerWe aregoing to putNosotros vamos a poner el dinero en el banco.
Vosotrosvaisa ponerYou aregoing to putVosotros vaisa poner la ropa en el armario.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasvana ponerYou/they aregoing to putEllos vana poner mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo.

Poner Present Progressive/Gerund Form

To form the gerundor present participle, you start with the stem of the verb and then add the ending -ando (for -ar verbs) or -iendo (for -er and -ir verbs). The present participle is used to form progressive tenses like the present progressive, which is usually formed with the auxiliary verb estar, but can also use the verbs seguir, continuar or mantener as the auxiliary.

Present Progressive ofPonerestá poniendois puttingElla está poniendo flores para decorar la casa.

Poner Past Participle

The past participle of poner is irregular —puesto—. This verb form can be used to form perfect tenses, such as the present perfect (with the auxiliary verb haber).

Present Perfect of Ponerha puestohas putElla ha puesto flores para decorar la casa.

Poner Conditional Indicative

To talk about possibilities, you can use the conditional tense, which is usually translated to English as "would + verb." Poner is also irregular in the conditional and uses the stem pondr-.

YopondríaI would putYo pondríala mesa antes de la cena si llegara a tiempo.
pondríasYouwould putTú pondrías el libro en la biblioteca si hubiera espacio.
Usted/él/ellapondríaYou/he/shewould putElla pondría flores para decorar la casa, pero las flores están muy caras.
NosotrospondríamosWewould putNosotros pondríamos el dinero en el banco si nos ganáramos la lotería.
VosotrospondríaisYouwould putVosotros pondríais la ropa en el armario si fuerais más ordenados.
Ustedes/ellos/ellaspondríanYou/theywould putEllos pondrían mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo, pero son perezosos.

Poner Present Subjunctive

The present subjunctive is formed with the stem of the first person singular in the present indicative (yo pongo).

Que yopongaThat I putMamá pide que yo ponga la mesa antes de la cena.
Que túpongasThat you putEl maestro quiere que tú pongas el libro en la biblioteca.
Que usted/él/ellapongaThat you/he/she putLa decoradora recomienda que ella ponga flores para decorar la casa.
Que nosotrospongamosThat we putEl contador sugiere que nosotros pongamos el dinero en el banco.
Que vosotrospongáisThat you putPapá pide que vosotros pongáis la ropa en el armario.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellasponganThat you/they putLa jefa espera que ellos pongan mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo.

Poner Imperfect Subjunctive

The imperfect subjunctive has two different conjugations. Both of them are correct.

Option 1

Que yopusieraThat I putMamá pedía que yo pusiera la mesa antes de la cena.
Que túpusierasThat you putEl maestro sugería que tú pusieras el libro en la biblioteca.
Que usted/él/ellapusieraThat you/he/she putLa decoradora recomendaba que ella pusiera flores para decorar la casa.
Que nosotrospusiéramosThat we putEl contador sugería que nosotros pusiéramos el dinero en el banco.
Que vosotrospusieraisThat you putPapá pedía que vosotros pusierais la ropa en el armario.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellaspusieranThat you/they putLa jefa esperaba que ellos pusieran mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo.

Option 2

(Video) TO PUT- PONER: Spanish irregular verb conjugation quiz | Conjugations in Spanish| Present tense verb

Que yopusieseThat I putMamá pedía que yo pusiese la mesa antes de la cena.
Que túpusiesesThat you putEl maestro sugería que tú pusieses el libro en la biblioteca.
Que usted/él/ellapusieseThat you/he/she putLa decoradora recomendaba que ella pusiese flores para decorar la casa.
Que nosotrospusiésemosThat we putEl contador sugería que nosotros pusiésemosel dinero en el banco.
Que vosotrospusieseisThat you putPapá pedía que vosotros pusieseis la ropa en el armario.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellaspusiesenThat you/they putLa jefa esperaba que ellos pusiesen mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo.

Poner Imperative

The imperative mood is used to give orders or commands.

Positive Commands

ponPut!¡Pon el libro en la biblioteca!
UstedpongaPut!¡Ponga flores para decorar la casa!
NosotrospongamosLet's put!¡Pongamos el dinero en el banco!
VosotrosponedPut!¡Poned la ropa en el armario!
UstedesponganPut!¡Pongan mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo!

Negative Commands

no pongasDon't put!¡No pongas el libro en la biblioteca!
Ustedno pongaDon't put!¡No ponga flores para decorar la casa!
Nosotrosno pongamosLet's not put!¡No pongamos el dinero en el banco!
Vosotrosno pongáisDon't put!¡No pongáis la ropa en el armario!
Ustedesno ponganDon't put!¡No pongan mucho esfuerzo en su trabajo!

Format

mlaapachicago

Your Citation

Erichsen, Gerald. "Spanish Verb Poner Conjugation." ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020, thoughtco.com/conjugation-of-poner-3079639.Erichsen, Gerald. (2020, August 27). Spanish Verb Poner Conjugation. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/conjugation-of-poner-3079639Erichsen, Gerald. "Spanish Verb Poner Conjugation." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/conjugation-of-poner-3079639 (accessed September 13, 2022).

(Video) Conjugated Irregular Spanish Verb PONER~to put

  • Spanish Verb Hacer Conjugation
  • Spanish Verb Querer Conjugation
  • Spanish Verb Venir Conjugation, Usage, and Examples
  • Spanish Verb Tener Conjugation
  • Spanish Verb Ser Conjugation
  • Spanish Verb Buscar Conjugation
  • Elegir Conjugation in Spanish, Translation, and Examples
  • Spanish Verb Acostarse Conjugation
  • Spanish Verb Pelear Conjugation
  • Spanish Verb Haber Conjugation
  • Spanish Verb Exigir Conjugation
  • Spanish Verb Influir Conjugation
  • Spanish Verb Aprender Conjugation
  • Spanish Verb Permitir Conjugation
  • Spanish Verb Invertir Conjugation
  • Spanish Verb Conseguir Conjugation

When you visit the site, Dotdash Meredith and its partners may store or retrieve information on your browser, mostly in the form of cookies. Cookies collect information about your preferences and your devices and are used to make the site work as you expect it to, to understand how you interact with the site, and to show advertisements that are targeted to your interests. You can find out more about our use, change your default settings, and withdraw your consent at any time with effect for the future by visiting Cookies Settings, which can also be found in the footer of the site.

(Video) TO PUT/TO SET-PONER: Spanish Irregular Verb Conjugation Quiz |Future Tense Practice
(Video) Learn How To Conjugate The Spanish Verb Poner | Learn Spanish

FAQs

What is the irregular form of poner? ›

The past participle is used to create the perfect tense, and it is irregular for the verb poner. It is puesto.

Is poner a regular or irregular verb? ›

The verb poner is irregular in some forms and tenses.

Is poner irregular in past tense? ›

Poner is conjugated as an irregular verb in the preterite tense. Poner appears on the 100 Most Used Spanish Preterite Tense Verbs Poster as the 7th most used irregular verb.

Is poner irregular in present tense? ›

The verbs hacer, poner, and valer are all regular – er verbs with an irregular yo form that ends in – go.

How do you conjugate poner in the imperfect? ›

Using the chart below you can learn how to conjugate the Spanish verb poner in Imperfect tense.
...
Mode: Indicative.
Personal PronounConjugation
Yoponía
Tuponías
El/Ellaponía
Nosotrosponíamos
2 more rows

How do you conjugate put in Spanish? ›

Let's take a look:
  1. Yo pongo = I put.
  2. Tú pones = You put.
  3. Él/ella/Ud. pone = He or she puts.
  4. Nosotros ponemos = We put.
  5. Vosotro ponéis = You all put.
  6. Ellos/ellas/Uds. ponen = They put.

What is the difference between poner and Ponerse? ›

PONERSE (REFLEXIVE)

The reflexive version of poner is used much more often. It can refer to a literal placing (from putting clothes on yourself to putting yourself in a physical place) or it can refer to an emotional state (putting yourself in a certain mood or putting you on/off).

What are the conjugations of poder? ›

Poder in the Indicative Present
PronounSpanishEnglish
puedesyou are able to
Ella / Él / Ustedpuedes/he is able to, you (formal) are able to
Nosotras / Nosotrospodemoswe are able to
Vosotras / Vosotrospodéisyou (plural) are able to
2 more rows

What type of verb is poner? ›

Poner – to put – is one of the most common irregular Spanish verbs. It's generally used just like its English equivalent. Pongo muchos jalapeños en mi salsa.

What does poner mean in preterite? ›

Definition. to put, place, set.

How do you use poner? ›

10 Common Uses of the Spanish Verb “Poner”
  1. to put.
  2. to set up.
  3. to give.
  4. to add.
  5. to put on (clothing)
  6. to become/get + adjective.
  7. to set yourself to do something (ponerse a + verb)
  8. to set up/open a business.
4 Feb 2020

What are the endings of irregular verbs in the preterite? ›

Irregular Preterite Verbs
VerbPreterite StemIrregular Endings
estarestuv-yo estuve, tu estuviste, él estuvo, nosotros estuvimos, vosotros estuvisteis, ellos estuvieron
tenertuv-yo tuve, él tuvo
poderpud-yo pude, él pudo
hacerhic- (most subjects), hiz- (third person singular)yo hice, él hizo
5 more rows

What are the irregular verbs in the present? ›

Common irregular verbs in the present tense

The three most irregular are avoir (to have), être (to be) and aller (to go) and are perhaps the most crucial to know, since they are used to form other tenses.

How many irregular verbs are in Spanish? ›

In total there are over 270 irregular verbs in the Spanish language. Which means just over 1/3rd of all Spanish verbs are irregular.

What is the affirmative tu form of poner? ›

' You can have both affirmative and negative commands, for which you need the 'imperative' or 'command' form of the verb.
...
Lesson Summary.
Subject PronounPoner Command
pon
ustedponga
nosotros nosotraspongamos
vosotros vosotrasponed
1 more row

Is poner stem change? ›

Tener is a stem changing verb. The stem of tener is ten. We get the stem of Spanish verbs by eliminating the endings “ar”, “er” or “ir”. At times, the stem ten changes to tien or tuv.

What is the gerund of poner? ›

poniendo

What is the definition of poner? ›

The verb 'poner' means 'to put' but as usual can have a few different meanings depending on how you use it.

What is the difference between levantar and Levantarse? ›

In this case the verb levantar means "to lift" or "to raise up". If you make that reflexive, where the lifter and the thing being lifted are the same, it's "to lift yourself". And essentially "lifting yourself" is getting up. That's why levantarse is translated as "to get up".

How do you conjugate Ponerse in yo form? ›

We'll see how to use it in the preterite and how to give commands.
...
Lesson Summary.
Subject PronounPreterite ConjugationImperative
yome puse---
te pusisteponte
él/ella ustedse puso--- póngase
nosotros/ nosotrasnos pusimospongámonos
2 more rows

What is the past participle of poder? ›

Poder Conjugation: Verbals

The infinitive form of the verb is poder. The past participle of poder is podido. The gerund form of poder is pudiendo.

How do you conjugate poder in the present tense? ›

Using the chart below you can learn how to conjugate the Spanish verb poder in Present tense.
...
Mode: Indicative.
Personal PronounConjugation
Yopuedo
Tupuedes
El/Ellapuede
Nosotrospodemos
2 more rows

Is Cantar irregular? ›

Cantar Preterite Tense Conjugation - Spanish Preterite Tense Verb Conjugation - Conjugate Cantar in Spanish Preterite Tense. Cantar is a Spanish verb meaning to sing. Cantar is conjugated as a regular ar verb in the preterite tense.

What is the future tense of poner? ›

Poner in the Indicative Future
PronounSpanishEnglish
YopondréI will put
pondrásyou will put
Ella / Él / Ustedpondrás/he will put, you (formal) will put
Nosotras / Nosotrospondremoswe will put
2 more rows

Is poner a reflexive verb in Spanish? ›

The construction poner(se) a + infinitivo, prevalent in spoken Spanish, is used to mean to begin/start doing [something], to get something/someone to do [something], to set about doing [something] or to get on with [something]. This verb can be used as either a reflexive verb or a transitive verb.

Is poner irregular verb Spanish? ›

Poner is a Spanish irregular verb meaning to put.

What are the 16 preterite irregular verbs? ›

These endings are different to the ones that regular preterite verbs in Spanish share.
...
Here you have a list of irregular verbs and their stems in the preterite.
Irregular VerbPreterite Stem
ponerpus
sabersup
tenertuv
hacerhic (exception: Él/Ella/Usted = hizo)
24 more rows

How many irregular verbs are in the preterite? ›

There is a set of 12 verbs whose stems in the preterite are so different that they must be memorized. While they do not follow any discernible pattern they can be grouped together to make them a little easier to remember. The groups are based on a common letter or letter combination in the irregular stem.

How many preterite irregular verbs are there? ›

Let's start with the list of the 50 irregular preterite verbs that you'll learn to use and conjugate today. This is simply a list of all of them in alphabetical order; later you'll learn more about them.

What is the definition of poner? ›

The verb 'poner' means 'to put' but as usual can have a few different meanings depending on how you use it.

Does poner have a stem change? ›

Poner is irregular in the future tense, even though it still has all the same endings as regular -er verbs. The irregularity lies in the fact that you have to change the verb stem from "pon-" to "pondr-."

What is the verb for Ponerse in Spanish? ›

Ponerse means 'to put on,' but it can also be used in plenty of expressions, such as ponerse contento (to become/be happy) or ponerse en contacto (to get in contact).

What is the past participle of poder? ›

Poder Conjugation: Verbals

The infinitive form of the verb is poder. The past participle of poder is podido. The gerund form of poder is pudiendo.

What are the 6 conjugations of poner? ›

Present tense
yopongoponemos
ponesponéis
él, ella, Ud.poneponen

What is poner used for in Spanish? ›

1. to put. When you first learn what poner means, you will learn to translate it as “to put”. In this way it is simply used to talk about where something is placed.

What is the difference between poner and Ponerse? ›

PONERSE (REFLEXIVE)

The reflexive version of poner is used much more often. It can refer to a literal placing (from putting clothes on yourself to putting yourself in a physical place) or it can refer to an emotional state (putting yourself in a certain mood or putting you on/off).

What is the gerund of poner? ›

poniendo

What does poner mean in preterite? ›

Definition. to put, place, set.

What verb is puesto? ›

Past participle of poner (“to put”); from Latin postus, from positus.

Is Despertarse a irregular verb? ›

The verb despertarse is irregular in the present tense. It's stem changes from e → ie in all conjugations except for the nosotros and vosotros forms. Apart from these modifications in the present tense, despertarse is conjugated regularly in all other indicative forms.

What form is Ponga? ›

inglésellos/ellas/ustedes
PresentI put, am puttingpongan
Present PerfectI have put, puthayan puesto
ImperfectI put, was puttingpusieran OR pusiesen.
Past Perfect - PluperfectI had puthubieran puesto OR hubiesen puesto.
2 more rows

Does poder have an irregular yo form? ›

The verb poder (to be able to/can) is an irregular verb, meaning that it doesn't follow normal verb conjugation patterns. In the present tense, poder has a o --> ue stem change in all forms except nosotros/nosotras.
...
Lesson Summary.
Subject PronounPresent Tense of Poder
ellos/ellas/ustedespueden
5 more rows
1 Jul 2022

Is poder irregular in subjunctive? ›

The subjunctive is a mood or way of expressing information which is not factual, but subjective, such as wishes, uncertainty, or possibilities. To conjugate poder in the present subjunctive, we need the irregular stem pued-, EXCEPT FOR nosotros/as and vosotros/as, which take the regular stem again.

Videos

1. Verb TO PUT in Spanish | Verbo PONER | Verb Conjugation | 101 PHRASES IN SPANISH
(Everyday Spanish)
2. 3 Irregular Spanish Verbs In The Present, Past and Future: Decir, Poner and Saber. #spanishwithpablo
(Learn Spanish With Pablo)
3. Irregular Verbs in Spanish (Pedir, Servir, Seguir, Vestirse )| The Language Tutor *Lesson 53*
(The Language Tutor)
4. Irregular Verbs in Spanish in the Present Tense: Conjugation and Examples
(Spanish Learning Lab)
5. PONER to put or to place~Conjugated Irregular Spanish Verb
(Frankie Nolan)
6. Poner Conjugation
(conjugatespanishverb)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Nathanial Hackett

Last Updated: 02/07/2023

Views: 6129

Rating: 4.1 / 5 (52 voted)

Reviews: 83% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Nathanial Hackett

Birthday: 1997-10-09

Address: Apt. 935 264 Abshire Canyon, South Nerissachester, NM 01800

Phone: +9752624861224

Job: Forward Technology Assistant

Hobby: Listening to music, Shopping, Vacation, Baton twirling, Flower arranging, Blacksmithing, Do it yourself

Introduction: My name is Nathanial Hackett, I am a lovely, curious, smiling, lively, thoughtful, courageous, lively person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.